The Top 20 Camera Artists
Selecting the 20 greatest photographers is a highly subjective task. Here are our chosen favourites.
Noted for his heroic-style black-and-white documentary photography recording the American West before the advent of tourism. His works include the masterpiece Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico (1948), which was auctioned at New York in April 2006 for 9,600. Others include: Storm in Yosemite Valley (1935), and The Tetons and the Snake River (1942).
French photographer noted for his landmark architectural and Parisian street-scene photography. His works include the masterpiece Joueur d'Orgue (1898), which was auctioned at Christie's New York in April 2010, for 6,500.
One of America's greatest , along with Irving Penn. His works include the masterpiece Dovima with Elephants (1955), which was auctioned at Christie's Paris in November 2010 for ,151,976.
(1913-54) (Endre Erno Friedmann)
Hungarian camera artist, photojournalist and war photographer, who helped establish Magnum.
French lens-based artist, considered to be the greatest "street-photographer" of the 20th century. Often called "the greatest photographer of ."
American FSA camera artist who chronicled everyday American life during the 1930s, and in so doing "aestheticized the banal".
Robert Frank (b.1924)
Outstanding Swiss born lens-based artist noted in particular for his street photography.
German camera artist, noted for his large-scale colour photographs of postmodern culture. Typically prefers commercial and financial subjects. His works include the masterpiece Rhein II (1999), which sold in November 2011 for ,338,500 at New York.
Pioneer American photographer, famous for her gritty realist photographs taken during the 1930s Depression in America.
The leading 20th century exponent of portrait photography as an art-form. Among her finest portraiture are pictures of: John Lennon & Yoko Ono; Meryl Street; Demi Moore; Queen Elizabeth II; Mick Jagger and the Rolling Stones.
American-born Paris-based avant-garde lens-based artist, early exponent of Dada and Surrealism, who specialized in Pictorialism. Invented the "rayograph", and also became a celebrated fashion and portrait photographer. One of the great .
Cult New York photographer of the 1980s, and one of the first . Noted for his b/w celebrity portraits of Andy Warhol, Deborah Harry, Richard Gere, and others, he remains best known for his notorious Portfolio X series of adult photographs. His works include a portrait of Andy Warhol (1987), which was auctioned at Christie's New York in October 2006 for 3,200. Photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe have been exhibited in many of the in America.
American photographer noted for his , portraits, and plant studies, as well as a series of outstanding ethnographical imagery.
American painter and photographer, a member of the movement. Famous for his industrial photography, including his series on the Ford Motor Company's River Rouge car plant.
New York photographer and film director, recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship, famous for her , notably her conceptual portraits.
A founder member of Photo-Secession in 1902, he quickly became famous for his series of portraits of New York celebrities, like J.P. Morgan (1903) - and for his highly innovative print The Pond - Moonlight (1904), which sold for ,928,000 in February 2006, at Sotheby's New York. With Alfred Stieglitz, he established the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession, and in 1911 became the world's first fashion photographer when his photos of Paul Poiret's gowns were published. After the Great War he switched to realist photography, becoming the world's highest paid commercial photographer. Later, he became Director of Photography at the .
The father of lens-based , and one of the greatest camera artists in the United States. Helped to set up the breakaway Photo-Secession in 1902, and with Edward Steichen founded the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession (later called "291", after its address at 291 Fifth Avenue, NYC). Was editor and publisher of the journal Camera Work (1902-17). His works include a portrait of (Hands) (1919), which was auctioned at New York in February 2006 for ,470,000.
American pioneer photographer and filmmaker who helped to establish photography as an art form in the 20th century, he was also one of the founders of the Photo League, a group who used their art to support progressive social causes. Best known for his early abstract-style photographs (Wall Street, 1915).
Canadian camera artist specializing in "staged photography". Regarded as one of the most advanced thinkers of contemporary art. His works include the masterpiece Dead Troops Talk (1992), which was auctioned at Christie's New York in May 2012 for ,666,500.
Edward Weston (1886-1958)
American camera artist; one of the leading exponents of Pictorialism, and a major figure in "straight photography". Noted for his portraiture, nudes, plant and sea-shell studies. His works include the masterpiece Nude (1925), which was auctioned at Sotheby's New York, in April 2008, for ,609,000.