How to Make Tzitzit Fringes

How to Make Tzitzis

The Torah requires Tzitzis (Yiddish: "fringes") on any four-cornered garment of a certain minimum size, and this does not include your shirt unless you have a rip up each side almost to your armpit. They're worn by Chasidic and Orthodox Jewish men and boys. Such strings must be tied according to specific configurations. That is, the strings must be made a certain way, and they must be tied and wrapped in a certain way. They must be a minimum of a certain length, and they must be made of a specific number of strings. Even the style and number of knots is mandated to precise requirements.


  1. Buy or order you tzitzis at a Jewish store or website.
  2. Shatnez is when wool and linen are combined together, so never use linen.The preferable material is wool, but since a tallis katan (Hebrew: "small tallis") is worn all day under their clothes, most people feel uncomfortable wearing it because it makes you hot. Other materials include cotton and polyester blend mesh for those with a lot of perspiration.
  3. You should have 16 Strings in total (4 for each corner) included in the 16 strings you will notice 4 strings which are a little longer in size.These 4 strings are known as the "Shamas" strings and will be used to tie around the 3 remaining strings for each corner.
  4. First step is to push three regular strings and one "Shamas" string through a corner of the garment.Does not matter which one you start with.It is halachically imperative that you say: "L'shem Mitzvas Tzitzis" as you insert the strings.
  5. Make sure that they are all equal in length, with the "Shamas" string being a little larger.You should have 7 strings of equal length and one long one.
  6. Separate 4 of the strings and tie a knot twice with the two groups of 4.
  7. As you tie each knot you should say "Leshem Mitzvas Tzitzis" - For the purpose of the commandment of making tzitzis.
  8. Take the "Shamash" string and wrap it around the remaining strings 7 times.
  9. Tie another double knot with 4 each.
  10. Now going further up.Wrap the "Shamas" around the other strings 8 times.
  11. Tie another double knot.
  12. Wrap "Shamas" 11 times.
  13. Tie another double knot.
  14. Wrap the "Shamas" around 13 times.
  15. Tie another double knot.
  16. You should now have one corner of your garment complete.The strings should be hanging loose, with 5 knots and wraps at 7,8,11 and 13.
  17. Repeat all these steps for the remaining corners.
  18. When the garment is fully completed with all strings wrapped an knotted.Dip the knots into boiling water for a few seconds. This will make the knots extra tight and should prevent them from becoming unraveled.
  19. If your knots start to become unraveled, then you must repair them before they completely fall apart.

Community Q&A

  • Question
    How old does a person have to be to wear a tallit and a kippah?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Some families have kids wearing tallit at a very young age, and kippahs are also expected from most young Jews. However, tallit are only required to be worn by people who have reached Bar or Bat Mitzvah age. Depending on the community, this means either 12 for girls and 13 for boys, or 13 for both girls and boys. Kippot are more dependent on where you are, but most people are just expected to wear them.
  • Question
    What is the significance of using 7, 8, 11, and 13?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Seven represents the perfection of the physical world, which was created in seven days. Eight is the number of transcendence that goes beyond nature. Eleven is the numerical value of vav-hey, the last two letters of God's Name. Thirteen is the numerical value of echad – one.
  • Question
    How long should the strings I start out with be?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    The short strings should be 40 inches, the long strings should be 60 inches. You may be able to trim it when you're done. If you are knotting, your long strings will need to be longer.
  • Question
    Does it make difference whether the strings attached alongside the tallis or perpendicular to it?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    The mitzva of tiztizs is referred to as arba kanfos (4 corners), meaning the strings need to be placed on the 4 corners of a tallit.
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